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Hello world

difficulty

Beginner

Note

This tutorial has only been tested on an AMD machine running Ubuntu 22.10 x64.

This tutorial will teach developers how to easily run a local data availability (DA) devnet on their own machine (or in the cloud). Running a local devnet for DA to test your rollup is the recommended first step before deploying to a testnet. This eliminates the need for testnet tokens and deploying to a testnet until you are ready.

The development journey for your rollup will look something like this:

  1. Run your rollup and post DA to a local devnet, and make sure everything works as expected
  2. Deploy the rollup, posting to a DA testnet. Confirm again that everything is functioning properly
  3. Finally, deploy your rollup to the DA Layer's mainnet

Whether you're a developer simply testing things on your laptop or using a virtual machine in the cloud, this process can be done on any machine of your choosing. We tested it out on a machine with the following specs:

  • Memory: 1 GB RAM
  • CPU: Single Core AMD
  • Disk: 25 GB SSD Storage
  • OS: Ubuntu 22.10 x64

Prerequisites

  • Docker installed on your machine

Running local devnet with a Rollkit rollup

First, run the local-celestia-devnet by running the following command:

docker run --platform linux/amd64 -p 26650:26657 -p 26659:26659 ghcr.io/celestiaorg/local-celestia-devnet:main
tip

The above command is different than the command in the Running a Local Celestia Devnet tutorial by Celestia Labs. Port 26657 on the Docker container in this example will be mapped to the local port 26650. This is to avoid clashing ports with the Rollkit node, as we're running the devnet and node on one machine.

Query your balance

Open a new terminal instance. Check the balance on your account that you'll be using to post blocks to the local network, this will make sure you can post rollup blocks to your Celestia Devnet for DA & consensus:

curl -X GET http://0.0.0.0:26659/balance

You will see something like this, denoting your balance in TIA x 10^(-6):

{"denom":"utia","amount":"999995000000000"}

If you want to be able to transpose your JSON results in a nicer format, you can install jq:

sudo apt install jq
tip

We'll need jq later, so install it!

Then run this to prettify the result:

curl -X GET http://0.0.0.0:26659/balance | jq

Here's what my response was when I wrote this:

  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 43 100 43 0 0 1730 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 1791
{
"denom": "utia",
"amount": "999995000000000"
}

If you want to clean it up some more, you can use the -s option to run curl in silent mode and not print the progress metrics:

curl -s -X GET http://0.0.0.0:26659/balance | jq

Your result will now look like this, nice 🫡

{
"denom": "utia",
"amount": "999995000000000"
}

Start, stop, or remove your container

Find the Container ID that is running by using the command:

docker ps

Then stop the container:

docker stop CONTAINER_ID_or_NAME

You can obtain the container ID or name of a stopped container using the docker ps -a command, which will list all containers (running and stopped) and their details. For example:

docker ps -a

This will give you an output similar to this:

CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                                            COMMAND            CREATED         STATUS         PORTS                                                                                                                         NAMES
d9af68de54e4 ghcr.io/celestiaorg/local-celestia-devnet:main "/entrypoint.sh" 5 minutes ago Up 2 minutes 1317/tcp, 9090/tcp, 0.0.0.0:26657->26657/tcp, :::26657->26657/tcp, 26656/tcp, 0.0.0.0:26659->26659/tcp, :::26659->26659/tcp musing_matsumoto

In this example, you can restart the container using either its container ID (d9af68de54e4) or name (musing_matsumoto). To restart the container, run:

docker start d9af68de54e4

or

docker start musing_matsumoto

If you ever would like to remove the container, you can use the docker rm command followed by the container ID or name.

Here is an example:

docker rm CONTAINER_ID_or_NAME

Scaffold your rollup

Now that you have a Celestia devnet running, you are ready to install Golang. We will use Golang to build and run our Cosmos-SDK blockchain.

Install Golang (these commands are for amd64/linux):

ver="1.19.1"
cd $HOME
wget "https://golang.org/dl/go$ver.linux-amd64.tar.gz"
sudo rm -rf /usr/local/go
sudo tar -C /usr/local -xzf "go$ver.linux-amd64.tar.gz"
rm "go$ver.linux-amd64.tar.gz"
echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin:$HOME/go/bin" >> $HOME/.bash_profile
source $HOME/.bash_profile
go version

Now, use the following command to install Ignite CLI:

curl https://get.ignite.com/cli! | bash
tip

If you have issues with installation, the full guide can be found here or on docs.ignite.com. The above command was tested on amd64/linux.

Check your version:

ignite version

Scaffold the chain:

ignite scaffold chain hello

Change into the hello directory:

cd hello

Install Rollkit

go mod edit -replace github.com/cosmos/cosmos-sdk=github.com/rollkit/[email protected]
go mod edit -replace github.com/tendermint/tendermint=github.com/celestiaorg/[email protected]
go mod tidy
go mod download

Start your rollup

Download the init.sh script to start the chain:

# From inside the `hello` directory
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/rollkit/docs/main/docs/scripts/hello/init.sh

Run the init.sh script:

bash init.sh

This will start your rollup, connected to the local Celestia devnet you have running.

Now let's explore a bit.

Keys

List your keys:

hellod keys list --keyring-backend test

You should see an output like the following

- address: cosmos1sa3xvrkvwhktjppxzaayst7s7z4ar06rk37jq7
name: hello-key-2
pubkey: '{"@type":"/cosmos.crypto.secp256k1.PubKey","key":"AlXXb6Op8DdwCejeYkGWbF4G3pDLDO+rYiVWKPKuvYaz"}'
type: local
- address: cosmos13nf52x452c527nycahthqq4y9phcmvat9nejl2
name: hello-key
pubkey: '{"@type":"/cosmos.crypto.secp256k1.PubKey","key":"AwigPerY+eeC2WAabA6iW1AipAQora5Dwmo1SnMnjavt"}'
type: local

Transactions

Now we can test sending a transaction from one of our keys to the other. We can do that with the following command:

hellod tx bank send [from_key_or_address] [to_address] [amount] [flags]

So using our information from the keys command, we can construct the transaction command like so to send 42069stake from one address to another:

hellod tx bank send cosmos1sa3xvrkvwhktjppxzaayst7s7z4ar06rk37jq7 cosmos13nf52x452c527nycahthqq4y9phcmvat9nejl2 42069stake --keyring-backend test

You'll be prompted to accept the transaction:

auth_info:
fee:
amount: []
gas_limit: "200000"
granter: ""
payer: ""
signer_infos: []
tip: null
body:
extension_options: []
memo: ""
messages:
- '@type': /cosmos.bank.v1beta1.MsgSend
amount:
- amount: "42069"
denom: stake
from_address: cosmos1xwpz06l484xlew98hu74g77wahwatelmz7xm6g
to_address: cosmos1pgljtq3a549t70zc0fhl4kze2q3r2tllzt8x0y
non_critical_extension_options: []
timeout_height: "0"
signatures: []
confirm transaction before signing and broadcasting [y/N]:

Type y if you'd like to confirm and sign the transaction. Then, you'll see the confirmation:

code: 0
codespace: ""
data: ""
events: []
gas_used: "0"
gas_wanted: "0"
height: "0"
info: ""
logs: []
raw_log: '[]'
timestamp: ""
tx: null
txhash: 677CAF6C80B85ACEF6F9EC7906FB3CB021322AAC78B015FA07D5112F2F824BFF

Balances

Then, query your balance:

hellod query bank balances cosmos13nf52x452c527nycahthqq4y9phcmvat9nejl2

This is the key that received the balance, so it should have increased past the initial STAKING_AMOUNT:

balances:
- amount: "10000000000000000000042069"
denom: stake
pagination:
next_key: null
total: "0"

The other key, should have decreased in balance:

hellod query bank balances cosmos1sa3xvrkvwhktjppxzaayst7s7z4ar06rk37jq7

Response:

balances:
- amount: "9999999999999999999957931"
denom: stake
pagination:
next_key: null
total: "0"